For an electronics company, Panasonic Corp. sure is becoming quite the rev head.
The Japanese brand that's indelibly associated with televisions, audio equipment and microwave ovens now makes more money from auto parts than home appliances.
In presentations to investors, the company divides its product portfolio into three business characteristics: high-growth, low-growth and low-profitable.
At the top of that tree is automotive batteries, car cockpits and advanced driver assistance systems. The only non-vehicle segment enjoying management's high-growth optimism is air conditioners. On the low-profit rung is chips, LCD displays and solar panels, while everything in between -- white goods, avionics, wiring devices -- is merely "stable."
It's worth considering where these ambitions lead.
Taken on its own, Panasonic Automotive already ranks No. 23 on the Automotive News list of top 100 global auto suppliers with estimated worldwide sales to automakers of about $10 billion in 2015. And that position is only likely to consolidate as its rechargeable-battery business expands alongside Elon Musk's ambitions.
Panasonic is already a major lithium-ion battery supplier. But its joint venture with Tesla Inc., better known as the Gigafactory -- the Japanese will be responsible for manufacturing the battery cells, while Tesla does more or less everything else -- will soon vault the partnership into the new vanguard of large-scale rechargeable battery producers. The Japanese firm is currently under contract to supply rechargeable batteries to nearly 90 different car models, according to an investor presentation Tuesday, and hopes to make 750 billion yen ($6.8 billion) of revenue from the segment by 2019 -- more than double last year's 363 billion yen.
There's a problem with batteries, though, as Bloomberg's Gadfly column has argued before: Like solar panels, LCD displays and memory chips before them, they're going through a headlong expansion that offers both opportunity and threat. As fast as output grows, so prices are likely to fall. Only the lowest-cost producers can survive this gold rush, and they'll probably be left with a larger share of a market that's still low-margin and commoditized.